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Total knee replacement surgery involves the replacement of diseased or damaged joint surfaces of the knee with an artificial knee joint made of metal and plastic components. This artificial joint is fixed to the bone using acrylic cement or special coatings on the knee replacement that bond directly to the bone.
Unicompartmental knee replacement (‘uni-knee replacement’) is an option for patients with less developed osteoarthritis of the knee – if their arthritis is confined to a certain part or compartment of the knee. This procedure is less invasive compared to a total knee replacement and often offered for younger patients.
A knee arthroscopy is used to investigate or repair knee injuries or chronic knee problems. An arthroscope – a thin telescope – is inserted through small cuts in the skin, enabling the patient to recover faster from surgery. Knee arthroscopy can involve various further procedures including torn cartilage removal or suture, cartilage surface smoothing and repair, inflamed synovial tissue and loose cartilage body removal, cartilage debris wash out from the joint and lateral capsule release.
ACL reconstruction is a surgical procedure to repair a torn ligament in the knee by inserting a soft tissue graft. The surgery is performed via keyhole or minimally invasive (open) surgery, to reduce scarring and bruising.
Injections into the knee are a fast and easy method of easing joint pain and inflammation in the knee caused by osteoarthritis, or into swollen, painful bursas or tendon attachments. The most commonly used type of injection is cortison or steroid injection to ease joint inflammation.